Tips For Proper Koi Care

October 7, 2008 by admin · Leave a Comment 

Koi Care

Koi are delicate fish and proper Koi care does require a bit of your attention. However, proper care of your fish is necessary in order for them to be healthy and vibrant. There many things to consider when caring for your koi.

First of all, their pond water should be kept clean, clear and free from contamination. Healthy water is necessary to avoid sickness. Check the quality of water regularly to ensure good health.

Feed the koi regularly. Avoid overfeeding because it could lead to water contamination.

Check the koi ponds ph level. Concrete ponds can have high PH level and this needs to be consistantly corrected or you should avoid concrete all together.

The fish should not be subjected to sudden temperature change. This usually happens when changing the pond water. Sudden temperature change can be prevented by changing the water gradually.

One part of Koi care is actually making sure you have enough Koi in your pond. Make sure there are enough koi in your pond to make a group. Koi are used to living in groups so you want to be sure to have enough fish to satisfy their natural instincts.

Be very careful when handling koi. They have a protective covering which protects them from contaminants. This covering is kind of like a slimy film and can be damaged if you do not handle them the right way.

Check the water regularly for the presence of chlorine, ammonia and other substances that might be harmful to koi. Water quality is of extreme importance to the health of your fish so this is really critical.

Always check the koi for symptoms of illness. Koi contaminated by illness should be quarantined to avoid contaminating the other fish in the pond.

Koi should have a clean and healthy environment at all times. Clean water that is free from any form of contamination is essential to proper growth and development. Koi care in never easy but if done properly it will benefit both the koi and its owner.

Tips On Koi Feeding

October 7, 2008 by admin · Leave a Comment 

Koi Feeding

Koi feeding is fun and enjoyable but should be done carefully as overdoing it may cause problems to the fish and its environment. It is best to feed your fish a little bit at a time – no more than what they can eat in 15 minutes because dumping too much food in the koi pond will cause it to sit in there and rot. Leftover food may cause the increase of ammonia in the pond, which is dangerous to the koi.

Koi should be fed more in summer and less in winter. They should not be fed at all if the temperature drops below 10 degrees Celsius. At that low temperature, the food might not be digested properly and can spoil in the koi’s stomach. Highly digestible food like wheat germ is favorable as it lessens the chance of danger. High protein food can be given in spring to help the koi with cell growth and to repair any damage. Growth foods are best in summer, when the temperature gets higher. They should also be feed a balanced diet food which has the right amount of protein, fats and carbohydrates.

Color enhancers such as carotene and spirulina, can be given as a supplement. Carotene affects the red pigmentation but can also affect the white. Spirulina also enhances the red pigments but not the white.

While there are many commercial pellet and flake foods you can give to your fish, Koi feeding can be most enjoyable when you feed them “alternative” foods. They enjoy eating live foods like shrimps and worms. They even eat vegetables. They will devour a lettuce when given to them. Koi are not choosy when it comes to eating, so you will have to be picky in the food you give them in order to insure they get the proper diet. Remember that the objective in giving food is not for the enjoyment of the koi but to make them grow and be healthy.

Understanding Koi Disease

October 7, 2008 by admin · Leave a Comment 

Koi Disease

Your Koi pond should always be kept clean and pristine to avoid any kind of Koi disease. However, sometimes even the most careful attention can’t prevent the Koi from getting sick so you must watch your fish carefully for signs of illness. Here are some common diseases that should be prevented.

White spots are caused by Ichthyopthirius multifiliis. White spots seen in koi are individual protozoans. They go under the skin and eat the tissues. Eventually they will drop off and fall to the bottom of the pond where there reproductive cycle begins and new “Ichs’s” are made which go about infecting your other fish.

Watch out for a thick slime on the skin of your fish – this can indicate parasites or disease.

Anchor worms are Crustacean parasite. They settle in the koi’s gills while they are young. They mate as they mature. The female anchor worm buries itself in the koi’s cell tissue.

Finrot and ulcers are Koi disease caused by bacteria. Ulcers are cause by internal injury. The bacteria will make the matter worse by causing further damage to your kois scales and fins.

Fish lice are parasites that have a sucker with which they stick themselves to the koi and inject toxins. This can be very irritating to the koi and you might see them rubbing themselves against rocks to relieve the irritation. Severe infection from these parasites can cause serious damage and can eventually lead to death.

Skin and gill flukes are like fleas in fishes. They’re found in koi’s body and also cause irritation.

Cotton wool disease is caused by bacteria. It forms a white threadlike matter that develops around the mouth of the fish and spreads into the body. This often leads to ulcers.

If you find any of your fish infected with any type of koi disease, you need to isolate them to prevent them infecting your other fish. Put them in a large fish tank and administer whatever treatment is necessary. Keep them isolated for at least 2 weeks or longer if you think the disease is still present. This is critical in keeping the rest of your koi healthy, eliminating the chance of spreading disease.

How To Maintain Koi Health

October 7, 2008 by admin · Leave a Comment 

Koi Health

Koi are rather delicate fish and, if you want to keep these beautiful fish, you will have to take some steps to maintain good koi health. In order to keep your Koi happy and healthy you need to provide them with a safe and clean environment. This means making sure your koi pond is built properly, has protection from predators and the water quality is kept at optimum levels.

The koi should live in a clean and healthy environment. You will need to maintain the quality of the water in the pond to protect the koi from being poisoned by their own environment. Chlorine can kill koi so you need to be careful if you are using water from a chlorinated source. Always test the water that goes into the pond to prevent chlorine contamination. Another dangerous substance is ammonia. Unlike chlorine, this substance is produced in the pond through the decomposition of excess food and fish waste. The level of ammonia in the pond must be properly controlled so you need to avoid excess feeding as well as test the water weekly and take appropriate action if ammonia levels get too high.

Proper care should also be taken when introducing new fish into the pond. New fish can be infected by parasites or disease so they should be observed first in a separate place before being introduced to your main Koi pond.

Handling your Koi should be avoided but you should also know that Koi health can be affected if you do not handle the fish properly when necessary. Koi have a natural protective coating that could be damaged by improper handling. Once the protective coating is damaged the koi become prone to bacterial attack. Since bacteria are everywhere in the water, you want to handle the fish properly to insure they have all the protection they need. This is an important step that can help avoid koi disease that could potentially spread amonst the group.